Most of what is standing today dates from this period. The water is stored in troughs, built by the tribes, between sandhills and din waterholes called tobas. Derawar Fort is a 9th century human marvel. Apart from Derawar Fort, other strongholds in this network of forts that cuts across the Cholistan Desert include the Marotgarh Fort, the Khangarh Fort, and the Islamgarh Fort. That’s right you heard it right it’s FREE. The Derawar mosque in front of the massive fort after which it was named. Your email address will not be published. [3], Deoraj immediately commenced erecting a place of strength, which he called after himself Deogarh, or Deorawal, on Monday, the 5th of the month Mah (sudi) the Pookh Nikhitra, S. 909 (853 AD). Having, under pretence of terminating this long feud, invited young Deoraj to marry the daughter of the Baraha chief, the Bhattis attended, when Beeji Rai and eight hundred of his kin and clan were massacred. During the entire reign of the Nawabs of Bahawalpur, the fort was maintained from time to time and wa… You can make an interesting and history trip from Bahawalpur to Derawar Fort. Bhatner owes its name to this expedient, from the division (bhatna) of the hide. Derawar Fort is a large square fortress in Ahmadpur East Tehsil, Punjab, Pakistan. They are all in ruins now, and you can see that they were built with double walls of gypsum blocks and mud. The historic Derawar Fort, enormous and impressive structure in the heart of Cholistan desert, is rapidly crumbling and if the immediate preventative measures are not taken, the edifice will be destroyed and the historians, researchers and sightseers deprived of the view of the legacy of the bygone era. The Derawar Fort is one of the most visually stunning desert castles in Asia. Among the highlights of the fortress interior are the tombs of the rulers and their families. In 300 Hijri, Jajja ruled over the modern tahsils of Khanpur and Ahmedpur East. The Derawar Fort’s symmetry with the history and the landscape has been of significance to for the people of the region. The fort situated in the heart of Cholistan desert has its own unique history: the walls and magnificent structure of the fort that covers miles of land in the desert are a testimony of past’s great lifestyle and culture. Built on a small rise on the otherwise flat plain of the Cholistan Desert, it can be seen from miles around. James Tod writes Beeji Rao had succeeded as Bhatti Chief in S. 870 (A.D. 814). [5], James Tod writes that When the sons of Bhatti Rao Raningdeo became converts to Islam, in order to avenge their father's feud with the Rathore prince of Nagore, they forfeited their inheritance of Poogul and Marot, and thenceforward mixed with the Abhoria Bhattis, and their descendants are termed Momun Musalman Bhutti. All written content has been originally researched and produced and is provided free for public research and enjoyment. Some of them date back to 1000 BC, and were destroyed and rebuilt many times. On the outside it looks its most impressive - sadly, the inside offers a different view : neglected, dilapidated and crumbling. Just after a few years, the Nawab of Bahawalpur lost control over the fort due to regional turmoil. Archaeological evidence suggests that this desert was once irrigated by the Hakra River, the bed of which can still be seen in the desert landscape. Derawar Fort A large square fort with 40 Bastian standing 100 ft high in desert is very attractive. According to the historical records, the foundation stone of Derawar fort was laid around 800 years ago. In order to secure this desert frontier he erected an early fortress at Derawar. Derawar Fort Derawar is located at 28˚46’04” N and 71˚20’02” E. (Mughal, 1997, 153) Many names have been Derawar Fort is a stronghold located in what is today Bahawalpur, in the Pakistani province of Punjab. Derawar Fort in Central Pakistan is one of the oldest and largest intact fortresses in Southern Asia. It stands tall despite the wear and tear from the past centuries, and its stupendous structure is what prompts awe in the tourists that come to … For this expedient he was indebted to the architect Kekeya, who had constructed the castle of Bhatner. [1], Deoraj remained for a long time concealed in the territory of the Barahas ; but at length he ventured to Boota, his maternal abode, where he had the happiness to find his mother, who had escaped the massacre at Tanot. Click here for […]. Jaisal subsequently made an alliance with a neighboring warlord, raised an army and returned to take his revenge. [8]. The fort was taken over by the Sadeq Mohammad Khan I in 1733 and it remained as the desert abode … The Derawar Fort is one of the fortresses located in the Cholistan Desert (known locally as Rohi), which adjoins the western part of the Thar Desert. The journey to desert is very adventurous on carpeted road, large fields of wheat crops on both sides of the road, camels, goats, cows and large patches of brown sand. They live in large, round, mud and grass huts, usually built on the top of sandhills. Like the Kot Digi Fort, Derawar Fort is massive and sensational. The rare visitors who make it here, and the rarer still who are permitted entrance by the Abbasi family, are swept back centuries in time in one of the most authentically preserved castles still in use anywhere. It’s very difficult to reach Derawar Fort in its remote location, and typically one needs to hire a special guide to take them on the full-day journey to the site of the fort. Jajja and Deva Sidh were two Bhati Rajas, Deva Sidh being the sister’s son of Jajja. a Rajput ruler of Bhatti clan. [4], James Tod writes that Bhatti Chief Deoraj had two sons, Moond and Chadu ; the last, by a wife of the Baraha tribe, had five sons, whose descendants were styled Chada Rajputs. Derawar Fort is a historic landmark located in the heart of the Cholistan desert, approximately a hundred kilometers south of Bahawalpur. Soon tired of a life of dependence, Deoraj asked for a single village, which was promised ; but the kin of the Boota chief alarmed him, and he recalled it, and limited his grant to such a quantity of land as he could encompass by the thongs cut from a single buffalo's hide : and this, too, in the depth of the desert. Derawar Fort is a picture of ruin and desolation. The Derawar fort has around 40 bastions that stand 30 feet high. This historically significant fort is an enormous and impressive structure in the heart of the Cholistan desert. The Complete Pilgrim - Religious Travel Sites, Howard Kramer's, The Complete Pilgrim, Religious Travel Site, December 20, 2014 By Howard Kramer Leave a Comment. Derawar was fortified and its importance enhanced further. Derawar Fort is situated 100km south of Bahawalpur City in Ahmed Pur Tehsil, Southern Punjab. In S. 892, he had a son by the Boota queen, who was called Deoraj. Howard Kramer is the creator and author of The Complete Pilgrim. The fort’s most distinguishing external feature are the huge, rounded tower-like ramparts that just out from the walls at extremely short intervals. Finding that they could not succeed by open warfare, they had recourse to treachery. History. Settlements, including those of the Indus Valley Civilization, once thrived in the region. It is a square fort and each wall is 204.8 meters (672 feet) long, vertical 30 meters (98.4 feet) high and its total circumference of the walls is 1500 meters (4921.5 feet). The beauty of entire Cholistan Desert could be seen from the fort. If you have ever been to Lahore, there’s a good chance you have already visited the stunning Lahore Fort located in the… However, it was conquered and completely rebuilt by the Nawabs of Bahawalpur in 1733 AD. The forts here were built at 29 km intervals, which probably served as guard posts for the camel caravan routes. Derawar Fort. It is although a national symbol of Pakistan but not a public property and still legally owned by Bahawalpur’s royal family. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. the first line of forts began from Phulra and ended in Lera, the second from Rukhanpur to Islamgarh, and the third from Bikaner to Kapoo. He first took an interest in religious sites in his early twenties when traveling through Italy after college. Its age is unknown. Email us at hkramer@thecompletepilgrim.com. The region was once watered by the Hakra River, known as the Saravati in vedic times. You can make interesting excursions from Bahawalpur, full day trip requiring a four-wheel drive vehicle to Derawar Fort (Qila Derawar), through the semi-desert of cholistan. We would love to hear from you. It changed hands several times. The main tribes are the Chhachhar, Mehr, Lar, Paryar, Channar, Chandani and Bohar. Thank you for visiting! The historic Derawar Fort, enormous and impressive structure in the heart of Cholistan desert, is rapidly crumbling and if the immediate preventative measures are not taken, the edifice will be destroyed and the historians, researchers and sightseers deprived of the view of the legacy of the bygone era. Almost every French monarch is buried here, and almost nobody goes here. He then went on to expand his realm westward into what is now Punjab. The tombs of the Amirs of Bahawalpur are also at Derawar, decorated with attractive blue glazed tiles contrasting with the ochre landscape. Deoraj excavated several large lakes in the territory of Khadal (in which Deorawal is situated) ; one at Tanot is called Tanosar ; another, after himself, Deosar. The fortress is still owned and in active use by the Abbasi family, who have maintained a residence here since the 19th century. Located in the middle of the Cholistan Desert, maintained in excellent condition, not easily accessible by roads, and still guarded by soldiers in traditional uniforms, the Derawar Fort may be one of the best travel experiences in Asia. Laudrva was sacked and the younger brother killed. It is not easily accessible, and requires off-road transit across desert terrain. Here are some pics I took: Have a comment, a great photo or a religious site you'd like to nominate for the weekly spotlight? In the two decades since he has traveled to more than two dozen countries and almost every state, visiting and photographing hundreds of the world’s greatest churches, synagogues and other places of religious interest. Access to the fort is restricted, requiring permission to enter from the Abbasi family. He commenced his reign with the teeka-dour against his old enemies, the Barahas, whom be defeated and plundered. He first took an interest in religious sites in his early twenties when traveling through Italy after college. Learn how your comment data is processed. When the summons reached the Bhomia Bhatti of Derawal all obeyed. Because of its attachment to the predominantly Muslim territory of the region, Derawar Fort was incorporated into Pakistan when it declared independence in 1947, thus separating it from Jaisalmer which wound up on the Indian side of the border. Made out of millions of bricks it is a formidable structure and definitely worth the drive to visit. Most battles in this region were fought around this formidable fort. The younger brother, Vijayraj Lanjha, had been named as successor and took power upon their father’s death. http://www.jatland.com/w/index.php?title=Derawar_Fort&oldid=350626. Throughout the 18th century, the Derawar Fort became a strategic prize in a local war between the states of Jaisalmer and Bahawalpur. Derawar Fort became a permanent possession of Bahawalpur in 1804. The people are racially similar to those in Rajasthan - tall, with sharp features. Derawar Fort is in Bahawalpur (Hindi: बहावलपुर, Punjabi/Urdu: بہاولپور) District in the Punjab province in Pakistan.Bahawalpur was also a princely state, stretching along the southern bank of the Sutlej and Indus Rivers, with its capital city at Bahawalpur. The fort has an unusual triangular layout, with massive walls that appear even higher than they are thanks to the surrounding level landscape. Derawar fort was built in the 9th c. by Rai Jajja Bhatti. Some of these structures are still standing today, though others have fallen into ruins. There were three rows of these forts. In the 1150s, the state of Jaisalmer in what is now Northwestern India and Central Pakistan was wracked by a feud between two brothers of the Bhati dynasti. Web: www.mybahawalpur.com (official tourism website of Bahawalpur). The journey to desert is very adventurous on carpeted road, large fields of wheat crops on both sides of the road, camels, goats, cows and large patches of brown sand. History of Fort. [6], On this event, Kailan, the third son of the Rawal Kehar II, took possession of the forfeited lands, and besides Beekampur, regained Deorawul, which had been conquered by their ancient foes, the Dahya Rajputs. The walls have a circumference of 1.5 km. Derawar Fort is a large square fortress in Pakistan in Bahawalpur. This site, created by Howard Kramer, is a combination travel blog and online guide to the world's greatest sites of religious interest (with some historic and recreational places thrown in for good measure). On the whole, they are pastoral and nomadic. Welcome to The Complete Pilgrim(TM)! Derawar fort is the best surviving example of this series of historic forts, some dating from pre-Mughal times, but all restored and expanded from the 16th to 18th century by powerful local clans. Derawar Fort Derawar Fort Bahawalpur is found 100 km (62 miles) from Pakistan. Derawar fort is also known as “Qila Derawar” is in the semi desert of Cholistan. [2], This deception practised by the Bhatti chief to obtain land on which to erect a fortress is not unknown in other parts of India, and in more remote regions. Click here for complete article, by Mary Neuhauser President Trump recently announced his intentions to move the United States Embassy in Israel from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem, thereby recognizing Jerusalem as the official capital of Israel. In the two decades since he has traveled to more than two dozen countries and almost every state, visiting and photographing hundreds of the world’s greatest churches, synagogues and other places of religious interest. Derawar Fort is located outside the city of Bahawalpur in Central Pakistan, approximately 200 miles southwest of Lahore. Copyright © 2020 The Complete Pilgrim, LLC || Marietta, GA 30068 ||, 5 PLACES TO VISIT IN HISTORIC PHILADELPHIA – MUSLIM TRAVEL ROCKS, MOVING THE U.S. EMBASSY TO JERUSALEM – FAITH IN FAITHS. Also, just across the border in India are the remains of Jaisalmer Fort, also founded by Jaisal. Amazingly, this fortified palace, which was periodically used as a residence by the rulers of Jaisalmer, remained in in their possession for nearly six centuries. The purpose of this article is to give you a brief overview of what this decision means and why it matters. Because of this there is no regular visitor information. Deoraj escaped to the house of the Purohit (of the Barahas, it is presumed), whither he was pursued. The fort situated in the heart of Cholistan desert has its own unique history: the walls and magnificent structure of the fort that covers miles of land in the desert are a testimony of its past great lifestyle and culture. Howard has been writing about religious sites for the better part of the last decade, and The Complete Pilgrim is the culmination of years of his work and passion. Derawar Fort A large square fort with 40 Bastian standing 100 ft high in desert is very attractive. The Lahore Fort was built by Akbar, grandfather of Shah Jahan, who achieved fame in the construction of India’s Red Forts. During one period when it was held by Bahawalpur, the fortress was substantially reconstructed. Howard has been writing about religious sites for the better part of the last decade, and The Complete Pilgrim is a culmination of years of his work and passion. Derawar Fort (Qila Derawar) is built by Hindu Rajput Rai Jajja Bhati of Jaisalmer in the Cholistan desert of Bahawalpur Pakistan. Until a couple of decades ago, formal permission to visit the fort was issued from Sadiqgarh Palace by the Nawab. East of Bahawalpur is the Cholistan Desert which covers an area of about 15,000 km2 and extends into the Thar Desert of India. Voices of South Asia. With canon’s still displayed on the wall tops and armed guards still on patrol, Derawar Fort offers an almost unparalled trip back in time for visitors. Preserving history: Harappa, Fort Derawar sites to be conserved Work on Derawa­r Fort will hopefu­lly start in 30-45 days, offici­als say By APP / Photo: Kashif Zafar Last month, I visited one of the most fascinating churches I have ever been to, the almost completely ignored Basilica of St. Denis in the northern suburbs of Paris. However, in the nineteenth century they recaptured the fort and maintained their stronghold in the area for a long time. The Derawar Fort remains a possession of the Amirs of Bahawalpur and is actively maintained and guarded. The majestic Derawar Fort, standing in the midst of the Cholistan Desert, is a famed hallmark of Bahawalpur. The fort was taken over by the Nawab of Bahawalpur, Sadeq Mohammad Khan I, in 1733 They in turn lost control of the fort in 1747 but took the stronghold back in 1804 and it remained as the desert abode of the Nawabs of Bahawalpur until the 1970s. Once a part-time residence of the rulers of Jaisalmer, it is now the part-time residence of the old royal family of Bahawalpur. Derawar Fort is situated 100 km south of Bahawalpur city in Ahmed Pur Tehsil, Southen Punjab. Filed Under: Castle/Fortress Tagged With: Central Asia. He wasted no time in driving out the older brother, Rawal Jaisal, and securing the capital at Laudrva for his own. James Tod[9] writes that The warriors assembled under Visaladeva Chauhan against the Islam invader included the ruler of Derawar Fort. This stronghold is the largest and most magnificent fort in Cholistan. The history behind the beautiful Derawar Fort is that it was initially created in the 9th century by a Hindu ruler, its original name being ‘Dera Rawar’ which lead to the current version of its name: ‘Derawar.’ This huge fort was made to commemorate the king of current day Jamshedpur and Bahawalpur, Raja Deoraj Bhatti. Around 600 BC, however, the river changed its c… The average annual rainfall is only 12 cm, and the little cultivation there is, is made possible by underground wells, drawn up by the camels. She was rejoiced to behold her son's face, and " waved the salt over his head," then threw it into the water, exclaiming, " thus may your enemies melt away !" The Derawar Fort has its origins in legends dating back to the 12th century. Tanot was invested and taken, and nearly every soul in it put to the sword, so that the very name of Bhatti was for a while extinct. Derawar Fort is in Bahawalpur (Hindi: बहावलपुर, Punjabi/Urdu: بہاولپور) District in the Punjab province in Pakistan. Wittenberg, Germany HISTORY • The Rohtas fort was built to crush the local tribes of Potohar, who rebelled against the Sur dynasty after the Mughal emperor Humayun was ousted by the former • The tribes included, Awans, Janjua Rajputs, Dhund Abbasi, Kayanis, Minhas … The Derawar Fort was first built in the 9th century under the kingship of Rai Jajja Bhati, a Hindu Rajput from Jaisalmir in India's Rajasthan state. The Barahas and Langahas once more united to attack the Bhatti prince ; but they were defeated and put to flight. There being no hope of escape, the Brahmin threw the Brahminical thread round the neck of the young prince, and in order to convince his pursuers that they were deceived as to the object of their search, he sat down to eat with him from the same dish. The fort was built by Rai Jajja Bhatti, a Rajput ruler of Bhatti clan, in the 9th century AD as a tribute to Rawal Deoraj Bhatti, a Rajput sovereign King of Jaisalmer and Bahawalpur area. Pakistan, like India, was home to many great fortresses of the late medieval and colonial eras. | history of drawer fort in Urdu | 9th Century | Cholistan | history of drawer fort Howard Kramer is the creator and author of The Complete Pilgrim. The Derawar Fort is 100 Km from Bahawalpur, actually the largest and most superlatively preserved fort of … Derawar Fort or Qila Derawar is a gigantic citadel in Bahawalpur district, on the edge of Cholistan Desert, in southern Punjab, Pakistan.Square in shape and towering over the wide stretch of surrounding semi-desert, the massive fort can easily be seen from miles. At one time there were 400 forts in the area and archaeological finds around the Derawar Fort, the only place with a perennial waterhole, indicate that it was contemporaneous with the Indus Valley Civilisation. [7], Rao Kailan had established his authority over nine castles, heads of districts, viz., Asini Kot or Aswini-kote, Beekumpoor, Marote, Poogul, Deorawul, Kerore (twenty-two coss, or about forty miles, from Bahawulpore), Guman, Bahun, Nadno, and Matailoh, on the Indus. In the 1150s, the state of Jaisalmer in what is now Northwestern India and Central Pakistan was wracked by a feud between two brothers of the Bhati dynasti. The … [Read More...], by Glory Ali The City of Brotherly Love offers tons to see and do and get this, it’s FREE. By mid of eighteenth century this fort was conquered by Daudputra rulers of Bahawalpur. HISTORY OF DERAWAR FORT There are many stories about the construction of the Derawar Fort but more pro able is this. The Rohtas Fort, while not as old as Derawar, has older sections still standing and is considered to be one of the finest architectural examples in Pakistan. 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