Viceroy Canning proclaimed peace throughout India. 4. By banning sati (1829), child marriage and polygamy and by legalising widow remarriage (1856), they hurt the sentiments of Indians for whom these were age-old customs. It led to exclusion of Indians from the higher legislative and political forums and thus contributed to evolution of laws which were perceived by Indians as an attack on caste and religion. The revolt of 1857 - MCQs with answers - Part I 1.Which among the following was not an economic cause of the revolt of 1857? Social and Religious Causes of the Revolt of 1857 The British made a big mistake by interfering in the social customs of the Indians. NATURE OF REVOLT There is a great controversy amongst the scholars over the nature of the revolt of 1857. 11.5. D) increased pressure on agricultural land View Answer / Hide Answer were banned by the British.which added fuel to the fire of discontent. The Indian Rebellion of 1857 had diverse political, economic, military, religious and social causes. The Revolt of 1857, also known as The Indian Rebellion of 1857 was caused by various factors which were political, social, economic and military in nature. The causes can be classified as social, economic, religious and military. A major cause of the outbreak of the revolt was the fear among the people that the British government was determined to destroy their religion and convert Indians to Christianity. Further more, the Doctrine of Lapse, whereby adopted children were refused recognition and deprived of pension, instigated the political causes of the Revolt. They denounced idol worship and dubbed local beliefs as ignorance. They felt that the British had no right to interfere in their religion and customs. There were many social and religious reasons for the Revolt. The Revolt of 1857 was the first rebellion against British East India Company. Economic Causes 2. The sepoys, a generic term used for native Indian soldiers of the Bengal Army, had their own list of grievances against the British East Indian Company (BEIC) administration, caused mainly by the ethnic gulf between the European officers and their Indian troops. Fig. Avadh was annexed in 1856, on charge of mal-administration. Social and Religious Causes of the Revolt of 1857 The British made a big mistake by interfering in the social customs of the Indians. In this article, three documents are studied which … There were political, economic, social, religious and military causes of the revolt. 3. The immediate cause of 1857 was provided by the revolt of soldiers. 4. This ‘Discrimination’ was a major underlying cause of the rebellion of 1857. Watch Causes for Revolt of 1857- Political and Socio-Religious in English from Indian Freedom Movement and 1857 Revolt in India here. Military and 6. It is also given names as Indian Rebellion, Indian Mutiny as well as Indian Revolt. CAUSES OF REVOLT. This Revolt was initiated by the sepoys of the company, so it has been commonly termed as ‘Sepoy Mutiny’. Religion has often been held to be a major source of disquiet for them owing to the perceived threat posed by Christian conversions. Child marriage, infanticide and polygamy were not allowed. Social 4. The European juries allowed European criminals with little or no punishment. The causes for the revolt of 1857 can categorized under:- Economic Causes Political Causes Social Religion Military Immediate causes. Religious sentiments were also hurt by the British policy of taxing lands belonging to temples and mosques. At Delhi, the nominal and symbolic; leadership belonged to the Emperor Bahadur Shah, but the real command lay with a Court of Soldiers headed by General Bakht Khan who had led the revolt of the Bareilly troops and brought them to Delhi.. Fig. A) Heavy taxation B) But down on major patronage for artisans and handicrafts C) increasing availability of market for Indian cotton. Here we outline the various political and economic factors that helped cause the revolt. The British started imposing their religion on the Indians by building churches and by forcing people to convert to Christianity. This hurt all … The Revolt of 1857 came to an end with the victory of the British. Many causes led to the outbreak of Revolt of 1857. Economic Causes: The most important cause of popular discontent was the British policy of economically exploiting India. 20. Lord Canning, India’s First Viceroy. Causes for the revolt The revolt was a result of the accumulated grievances of the people against Company’s administration and a loathing for the character and policies of the colonial rule. Social - The age old traditions like sati,child marriage,etc. The Revolt of 1857 was started by the company’s sepoys. The revolt … Causes of the war War Political Social and religious Military Economic 5. 3. The revolt of 1857 marks a turning point in the history of India. Historians have expressed divergent views about the nature of the revolt. he Revolt of 1857, commonly called as the Sepoy Revolt, was the first organised revolt against British rule in India. The causes for the revolt of 1857 was can categorized under 1. Revolt Of 1857 Social Causes Quick Notes on Revolt of 1857: Social Causes The revolt of 1857 is an important marker in Indian History and is an area where questions have repeatedly featured in the Civil Services (Prelims) and Civil Services (Mains) Examinations conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). In that year, there were series of uprisings of states against the British rule which are known as the War of Independence. Delhi. India's Economic Condition Before the Establishment of Colonial Rule Religion 5. Perhaps the most important cause of the people’s discontent was the economic exploitation of the country by the British and the complete destruction of its traditional economic fabric. By banning sati (1829), child marriage and polygamy and by legalising widow remarriage (1856), they hurt the sentiments of Indians for whom these were age-old customs. Watch all CBSE Class 5 to 12 Video Lectures here. Causes of Failure of the Revolt: The most important cause of failure was that the revolt failed to embrace the whole of India. But it was not simply a revolt of sepoys. Causes for Revolt of 1857: Political Causes: The political causes of the revolt may be traced to the British policy of expansion through the Doctrine of Lapse and direct annexation. The rebels of 1857 had many causes to incite them to rise against the British. 094: British Occupation of India - Part 9: The Causes and Impact of the Revolt of 1857 In this episode, we talk about The Causes and Impact of the Revolt of 1857 The Revolt of 1857 is also known by other names such as The Sepoy Mutiny, The Indian Mutiny, The Great Rebellion, The Indian Insurrection, India’s First War of Independence. The causes of the revolt emerged from all aspects— socio-cultural, ... to widow-remarriage and women’s education were seen by a large section of the population as interference in the social and religious domains of Indian society by outsiders. A large number of Indian rulers and chiefs were dislodged, thus arousing fear in the minds of other ruling families who apprehended a similar fate. It was to a great extent a popular revolt led by exiled princes and displaced landlords. The British were rude and used abusive and insultive language. Causes of the Revolt of 1857. They too had a … In this article, we will discuss the economic causes of the war of 1857. He was military reformer but his introduction of Enfield rifles and use of greased cartridges in them became the immediate cause of mutiny in 1857. The revolt of 1857 was a combination of political, economic, socio-religious and military causes. 19. Political cause: Nana sahib was refused pension as he was the adopted son of Peshwa Baji Rao II. It was the culmination of the manifold grievances that Indians had against the East India Company’s rule. The storm-centers of the Revolt of 1857 were − Delhi, Kanpur, Lucknow, Jhansi, and; Arrah in Bihar. religious causes of revolt of 1857 » There was a common resentment against social changes that British tried to bring with abolishing Sati, child marriage and promotion of education of the Girl Child which made Indians feel a change in their age-old religious beliefs and thus it was taken as a step to increase conversions to Christianity. After 1813, there was an increase in the activities of the Christian missionaries. Fig. It was this ‘Discrimination’ which compelled Indians to think of the British as alien exploiters. The major causes of 1857 Revolt can be studied under the following heads − Economic Cause. Such innovations were alien to the Indians, who became fearful of the British intentions. Historians have described the nature of the rebellion of 1857 variously. The causes are responsible for this rebellion range from social, religious, administrative, political to economic factors. Immediate cause - At the barackpore cantonment, a soldier called Mangal pandey was hanged by the British for starting a revolt due to the rumour of the use of the skin of pigs and cows to make cartridges of the bullets. Social and religious causes: Indians had a lurking suspicion that they would be converted to Christianity under the new regime. Some call it a sepoy mutiny since the initial thrust of the revolt in the form of the cartridge episode was given by the soldiers. The British began to interfere with the the local religious and social customs. The revolt of 1857 1. It has been described as the “Mutiny of the Sepoys” a “religious war against the Christians”, a “war between the black and white races”, etc., but mostly these views have been rejected. Though it ultimately failed to achieve its goal, the rebellion was successful in generating national consciousness among the people about the political future of the country and in giving a political past to the successive freedom struggles. 2. 21 RELIGIOUS CAUSES British historian have only considered it as a “sepoy mutiny”, they consider its immediate cause the greased cartridges only. THE REVOLT OF 1857 ; Social Causes ; Religious Causes; 18 SOCIAL CAUSES. MILITARY CAUSES. Political Causes 3. The practice of sati was abolished. Some other foreign historian holds it to be a “Muslim conspiracy” against the British and its aim […] Immediate causes.1. The revolt of 1857 is an important marker in Indian History, and is an area where questions have repeatedly featured in the Civil Services (Prelims) and Civil Services (Mains) Examinations conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). 11.5 : It is Henry Hardinge. 11.6 : This picture point out the outwardly good position of the zamindars. Historians have identified diverse political, economic, military, religious and social causes of the Indian Rebellion of 1857.. An uprising in several sepoy companies of the Bengal army was sparked by the issue of new gunpowder cartridges for the Enfield rifle in February 1857. The social causes of the Revolt of 1857 were: * The British introduced railways, post and telegraph in India. This Revolt was initiated by the Company’s sepoys, post and telegraph in India Revolt led by exiled princes displaced... 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