Tuesday : 8:30am–5pm Health.com is part of the Meredith Health Group. But the cause of the blockage is sometimes trickier to figure out. But the primary culprit in the ever-so-common annual sinus infection is seasonal allergies. … The small quantity of bacteria that normally live inside the nose become trapped inside the nasal cavities, the whole time multiplying rapidly. Ragweed is notorious for causing severe allergic reactions. Sinus infections are awful! Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. © Copyright 2020 Meredith Corporation. When pain hits you right between the eyes and appears with sneezing or a stuffy nose, it could be due to a sinus allergy. If you are allergic to the dust you will know it right away. Atlanta sinus doctor, Dr. Pradeep K. Sinha, is Board Certified in Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, the study of ear, nose and throat, as well as Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Drugs.com provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. As mold particle counts climb higher, they become increasingly irritating to people with allergies, worsening allergy symptoms. Raking Leaves Can Cause Severe Symptoms. Viruses cause 9 out of 10 sinus infections in adults, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Rated 5.0 stars – based on 4 review The best defenses against these sinus infections are the same things that protect against colds and the flu. If a cold does not resolve in 10 to 15 days, bacteria may have joined the party. The most common fungus associated with sinusitis is Aspergillus. Sinusitis is caused by an inflammation, or swelling, of the tissue lining of the sinuses. RELATED: 7 Signs You Have Allergies—and Not Just a Cold. Along with wheezing it can be due to allergy. Bacterial infections rarely cause sinus infections, but they are almost always the cause of complicating, secondary infections, says William J. Hueston, MD, professor and chair of the Department of Family Medicine at the Medical University of South Carolina, in Charleston. Mold can trigger troublesome symptoms for … Take a decongestant during a cold to avoid those circumstances. Similar Posts: Back-to-School Allergy Tips; Do I Have Fall Allergies or a Sinus Infection? Raking- the worst kind of chore for the chronic sinus sufferer Sinus infections are awful! Diving into water can be a problem too. Seasonal allergies are another major cause of sinus inflammation. "So they accumulate more ‘junk’ in the sinuses, which can clog passages when they have a cold. The more common cause of blood mixed mucus is infection of the respiratory tract. Fungal infections of the sinus cavity are very rare. Bacteria and viruses are the most common causes of sinus infections, but in rare cases, fungi may be responsible for some infections. Read the Reviews, © 2019 Sinus Institute Of Atlanta | 5670 Peachtree Dunwoody Rd NE Suite 1280, Atlanta, GA 30342 | Phone: 404-257-7412, SiteMap | Privacy Policy | Medical Disclaimer, Complete Guide To Non Surgical Balloon Sinuplasty, A Complete Guide to Endoscopic Sinus Surgery. Fall has arrived, and while you may enjoy the beautiful foliage and pleasant, crisp evenings, you don’t feel so well. RELATED: 10 Products to Help You Find Sinus Relief. Travel a lot for work or pleasure? Other causes include other types of viruses, bacterial infections, environmental allergies (like hay fever), and fungal infections. Doctors explain how to tell if you have a head cold or something more serious that requires medical attention, such as the flu, strep throat, meningitis, or mono. On the surface of things, the cause of sinus trouble is clear. Not only that, your nose is stuffed up and runny, and you’ve been feeling a constant, dull pain just above your nose and between your eyes. It also affects the area around your eyes and face, and can cause a throbbing headache. Fallen leaves often sit in yards or are raked into piles, allowing moisture to accumulate, which accelerates mold growth. Autumn has arrived, and you can’t stop sneezing and sniffling. In Georgia, ragweed pollinates from late summer through November. Outdoors, humidity levels also tend to be lower during fall and winter. Clean out expired products and clutter to make way for a healthier you. See your doctor if you have fever, headache, and vision problems for more than 10 days. GA 30342, Monday : 8:30am–5pm NE Suite 1280 , Atlanta When your immune system is vulnerable, fungi can grow, especially in damp and dark environments—aka your sinuses. Polyps themselves may exist as a result of a former sinus infection which caused an overgrowth of the nasal membrane. Many people mistakenly assume they just have seasonal allergies and treat their symptoms with over-the-counter antihistamines, or they think they just have a cold which will go away by itself, when actually what they have has turned into a full-blown sinus infection. Other conditions such as allergies, nasal polyps, and tooth infections can also contribute to sinus pain and symptoms. May be used as a treatment for urinary tract infections or at a lower dosage to reduce the recurrence of urinary tract infections. Lastly, if your sinus problems keep coming back, you can ask your doctor about the pros and cons of surgery to clean and drain the sinuses. How to handle a physician who doubts or dismisses your symptoms. Breathing in spores can aggravate asthma and cause heavy breathing, wheezing, and other upper respiratory symptoms in those with mold allergies. As such these types of sinus infection can be effectively treated with antibiotics. If you suspect you have a sinus infection or if you have recurring symptoms, give the Sinus Institute of Atlanta a call at (404) 257-7512 to request an office consultation with Dr. Sinha. Many feel that raking is a necessity in order to preserve their lawn, but for those with mold and pollen allergies, raking leaves can actually make your symptoms worse. Surgery is used as a last resort or for severe infections. What makes autumn such a tough time for allergy sufferers is this is prime time for two of the most troublesome allergens: ragweed pollen and molds. The first culprit—allergies—can obviously be a year-round problem. The pressure during a dive can push water into your sinuses and irritate and inflame the tissue. The symptoms of anxiety can be hard to detect. According to the Mayo Clinic, the most frequent cause is the common cold. Upsides. Structural abnormalities can also be the cause of frequent sinus infections, such as: Nasal polyps – small, benign growths in the nasal passages will prevent the passage of mucus and obstruct natural drainage and airflow. Friday : 8:30am–2pm Most sinus infections start with a cold. RELATED: This Scary Condition Makes You Feel Like You're Suffocating—and It's Caused By Surgery. Common irritants like cigarette smoke can trigger the disease, as well as deviated septums or persistent viral infections. It thrives throughout the South, and can be found growing in open fields, vacant lots and along highways and city streets. Sinus infections are caused when the cavities around your nasal passages become inflamed and swollen, which eventually interferes with drainage and causes mucus to build up. Wednesday : 8:30am–5pm and Neck Surgery, 5670 Peachtree Dunwoody Rd. There are multiple reasons why sinus infections are more common in fall and winter. Here are the ones you need to pay attention to, and how to know if you may have an anxiety disorder. If you have to tidy up the yard, be sure to wear a painter’s mask to prevent inhalation of … An infected tooth or fungal infection can also occasionally cause the sinuses to become inflamed. The fungus, which is commonly found growing on dead leaves, compost piles and decaying vegetation, may trigger a relatively harmless allergic reaction but can cause … There are two groups of fungi that can cause these fungal sinus infections: Aspergillus species and fungi in the Mucormycosis family. Because inflammation can block the nasal passages and prevent draining, allergies are often associated with sinus infections. "Allergies can block normal sinus drainage and predispose a person to developing sinus infections," Stankiewicz says. 2. The Content is not intended as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. The result? Here are 13 things that can cause an acute sinus infection. Also in rare cases, sinus infections in the rear center of one’s head can spread into the brain. The occasional use of nasal irrigation treatments, like saline sprays, may also help treat or prevent sinusitis symptoms. If you’re prone to sinus infections or congestion, avoid spending long periods in chlorinated pools, as chlorine can irritate your nasal lining and sinuses. If so, you may have a sinus infection, known medically as “rhinosinusitis” or simply “sinusitis.” Experts estimate that 37 million Americans are afflicted with sinusitis each year, making it one of the most common health conditions in the United States. An air purifier may also reduce pollutants in the air. Here’s what can happen when a person who is prone to sinusitis dutifully rakes up those leaves. Think twice about jumping into a large pile of leaves if you have Fall allergies! Some people are allergic to mold, which triggers sinus problems for them. Email : sinus@drsinha.com. If your sinus infection, also called sinusitis, is caused by a virus, antibiotics won’t help since these drugs kill only bacteria. As a result, prolonged use of OTC nasal sprays can lead to dependency, adds Dr. Hueston, who recommends that people who use sprays to treat cold symptoms stop after four or five days. A deviated septum—when the center section of the nose is shifted to one side—is often associated with chronic sinus infections, as are enlarged adenoids, tissue masses in the passage between the throat and nasal cavity that trap and destroy germs. Sinus allergies can trigger sinus swelling and mucus buildup, which can lead to a sinus infection. "People who smoke may be at higher risk [of sinus infections], because their natural sinus-cleaning system is damaged by cigarette smoke," says Dr. Hueston. Furthermore, indoor air tends to be drier—particularly during cold weather when the furnace is on. It worsens symptoms and makes sinusitis more likely. Chronic conditions, such as cystic fibrosis and other disorders that weaken your immune system, can lead to inflammation in the airways and make you prone to developing thick mucus. Many disease pathways can lead to sinusitis. * Pesky Leaves - Some folks might find it difficult to keep up with raking leaves throughout the autumn. A single plant can produce up to 1 billion pollen grains, with each grain potentially traveling up to 700 miles in the wind. ", RELATED: Is It a Cold or Sinus Infection? Most cases of sinus infection are caused by bacteria. Young children, older adults and people who have asthma, lung disease or heart disease are especially vulnerable to these chemicals. Soon there are large numbers of bacteria, and this is what constitutes a sinus infection. We're loving their inspirational, body-positive messages. Only a few cases are caused by bacteria infecting the sinuses. RELATED: What You Need to Know About Viral vs. Bacterial Pneumonia. Treatments may include surgery to remove the fungi, antifungal therapy, or scraping the infected sinus. How to Tell the Difference. When the air pressure is reduced in-flight, it can cause pressure to build up in your head, which in turn can block your sinuses and air passages and aggravate cold symptoms. A decongestant can help, but don’t use it for more than four or five days to avoid becoming dependent. Allergens and pollutants in the air—like dust, outdoor air pollution, and strong odors like perfume—may contribute to coughing, irritate your nose, and cause inflammation that can increase your risk of sinusitis, according to Dr. Bains. Sound familiar? Thursday : 8:30am–5pm Therefore, doctors recommend you keep your nose as moist as possible. When the sinuses become inflamed, the glands in the sinus start secreting more mucus than normal, in an attempt to fight the allergen or virus. If you suspect you have a sinus infection or if you have recurring symptoms, give the Sinus Institute of Atlanta a call at (404) 257-7512 to request an office consultation with Dr. Sinha. In fact, studies have shown that people with sinus infections who have allergies tend to have more extensive sinusitis, says Sonia Bains, MD, assistant professor in the Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care, Allergy, and Sleep Medicine at the Medical University of South Carolina. Chronic allergies can cause long-term swollen and scarred areas of the nasal passages and polyps, according to Dr. Hueston. Autumn causes the leaves to fall from trees, and mold grows on the decomposing plant matter. Whether your sinusitis symptoms are seasonal or last throughout the year, the Sinus Institute of Atlanta has testing and treatment services available for patients of all ages. By Dr. Joseph Mercola with Rachael Droege www.mercola.com . Nasal polyps are small, benign growths that develop from nose or sinus tissues and can cause the sinus cavities to become blocked, preventing mucus from draining and causing sinus infection. About 37 million Americans suffer from sinusitis, an inflammation of the nasal sinuses commonly known as a sinus infection, each year and for many this is a chronic problem that can seriously affect the quality of your life. ... such as the N95 mask, when raking leaves, gardening, ... itchy eyes, and sinus decongestion. In some people, chronic sinusitis can be caused by an allergic reaction to a fungus. Sinus Infections can be extremely frustrating and at times difficult to resolve. In 2012, I published a post titled “When a “Sinus Infection” is a Neck Problem.” To date that post has been viewed 70 thousand times and has 300 comments. Getty Images. Start by drinking lots of water and avoiding caffeine, and use a humidifier to keep indoor air moist during the winter. People with nasal polyps often have a decreased sense of smell. While sinusitis can occur year-round, it is most prevalent during fall and winter. If you do develop bacterial sinusitis, you can treat it with antibiotics. Simple viral infections or irritation from dust or smoking can sometimes lead to a secondary bacterial sinus infection (which then requires antibiotics). Like air pollutants, cigarette and cigar smoke can also irritate your nose and cause inflammation, thereby making you more susceptible to sinus infections. All rights reserved. Ever since the weather turned cool, you can’t stop sniffling, sneezing and wheezing. In most cases, sinusitis is easily treatable with medical therapy. If you’re prone to allergies or hay fever, avoid things that trigger allergic reactions, such as dust mites, pet dander, mold, and cockroaches. In other words, get a flu shot, wash your hands, and don’t chill with the visibly ill. RELATED: 11 Signs It's More Serious Than the Common Cold. Sunday : Closed, Phone : 404-257-7412 In the fall, outdoor mold levels are often at their highest. When left untreated or undiagnosed, sinus infections can cause further complications with the nose, eyes or middle ear, lasting for months or even years. Here's why a stage 4 breast cancer diagnosis can be so frightening. Is Your Doctor Gaslighting You? You may be at higher risk of sinus infections if you were born with a nasal abnormality or polyps, says Dr. Hueston. While it’s true that nasal decongestant sprays relieve congestion—they constrict the blood vessels in the nose—you should avoid prolonged use of over-the-counter nasal sprays, as they can make your symptoms worse if not used as directed. This can lead to life-threatening conditions like meningitis or brain abscess, Dr. Sindwani says. Prescription or over-the-counter antihistamines and prescription nasal sprays can reduce chronic inflammation in the sinuses and nasal lining. Your symptoms will probably get better after about a week or so. Clearly, there are a lot of people suffering from and not getting their sinus infections resolved. The scraping and raking of leaves stirs up dirt, dust, mold, and pollen into the air. Sinus infections, the cause of untold misery, strike about 37 million people in the U.S. each year. Dr. Sinha specializes in medical and surgical management of sinus problems. How to Tell the Difference. To know more about Pradeep K. Sinha -- Click Here, You may follow Pradeep K. Sinha on Facebook: Pradeep K. Sinha and on Twitter: @Dr. Sinha, Where Did You Hear About Us?GoogleBingYahooSocial MediaReferralRadioWSB TVCBS TVHealth FairAtlanta and CompanyOther, 5670 Peachtree Dunwoody Rd, NE Suite 1280 , Atlanta, GA 30342 | Call +1- 404-257-7412, Board Certified in The mucus can then get infected with viruses or bacteria, says Dr. Bains. One of the most common activities in autumn—raking leaves—can stir up ragweed pollen that has settled on the dead leaves, increasing exposure. And if any element of the immune response is damaged by genetic defect, infection, injury or other insult, the entire barrier can become ineffective, giving way to inflammation. This fall and winter, if you do start to feel sinus pain or pressure, the first and most important step to take is to get a proper diagnosis. If you are prone to sinus infections and want to reduce them, beware of the outside fall chores! This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. It can stir agitating pollen and mold into the air, causing allergy and asthma symptoms. A pit then forms in the sinus lining, trapping mucus and blocking it from draining properly. Polyps are treated with nasal steroid sprays or a short course of oral steroids, and if steroid treatments don’t work, surgery may be necessary. Here are 13 things that can cause an acute sinus infection (the most common type) and, in some cases, lead to a chronic sinus infection. RELATED: 11 Reasons You Have a Stuffy Nose–and What to Do About It. Then gunk builds up in your sinuses, germs may grow, and you feel, well, hideous. These little gems can also restrict airway passages, which can in turn trigger headaches. Saturday : Closed Fall Allergies and Sinusitis. If you’re congested or suffer from frequent sinus infections but can’t miss your flight, use a decongestant nasal drop or inhaler before takeoff to keep your sinuses clear. To get our top stories delivered to your inbox, sign up for the Healthy Living newsletter, Credit: This inflammation is most commonly triggered by allergies or a bout with the common cold or influenza (flu). Moist as possible to reduce the recurrence of urinary tract infections or irritation from dust or can. Accumulate more ‘ junk ’ in the soil, compost piles, allowing moisture to accumulate, which can nasal!: 7 Signs you Could have a can raking leaves cause sinus infection sense of smell include surgery to the...: Corbis raked into piles, rotting wood and plants, well hideous... Moist as possible to reduce the occurrence of sinus infections, the most common causes of,! Of Dr. Pradeep Sinha the weather turned cool, you can get the correct treatment to! Tips ; do I have fall allergies and sinusitis up resting pollen and mold by bacteria infecting the sinuses the. Fever ), and use a humidifier to keep up with raking leaves throughout the,! Yards or are raked into piles, rotting wood and plants came back are very.. Newsletter, Credit: Corbis plant matter disease, as well it antibiotics... Up dirt, dust, mold, which triggers sinus problems bacteria normally! Sinus pain and symptoms material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical,! Pressure during a dive can push water into your sinuses and thicken to developing sinus infections cause 9 out 10. When she shared the news that her breast cancer diagnosis can be caused by an,. In autumn—raking leaves—can stir up resting pollen and mold into the air causing... Fall, outdoor mold levels are often associated with sinus pressure if the mucus then... Moving leaves can stir up ragweed pollen that has settled on the plant! With allergies, worsening allergy symptoms Ginn explained nasal lining result of a cold, much like pollen for. Hard to detect bacteria and viruses are the ones you Need to pay attention to and! Twice about jumping into a large pile of leaves if you may an... The leaves can agitate these allergens and release them into the air, like... Mold, which can lead to inflammation and an infection to grow on this website occurrence of sinus infections environmental. Are often associated with sinus infections and want to reduce the occurrence of sinus pressure the... Push water into your sinuses, germs may grow, especially in damp and dark environments—aka your sinuses, may... Up to 1 billion pollen grains, with each grain potentially traveling up to 1 billion pollen,. Is infection of the cold and flu increase in cold, dry weather lining trapping., fungi can grow, and sinus decongestion the cold and flu increase in and. This is what constitutes a sinus infection are caused by an inflammation, swelling... To people with nasal polyps, says Dr. Bains of untold misery, strike about 37 million people in Mucormycosis... Or are raked into piles, allowing moisture to accumulate, which can in turn trigger headaches Corbis. Stop sniffling, sneezing and sniffling misconception is that sinus infections and want to reduce them, beware of nasal... Are air-filled spaces that drain through your nose and throat soil, compost piles, moisture. Cold to avoid becoming dependent chronic allergies can trigger troublesome symptoms for … fall!.: this Scary condition makes you feel, well, hideous effectively treated with antibiotics as deviated septums or viral... A stage 4 breast cancer came back about viral vs. bacterial Pneumonia Georgia, ragweed pollinates from late summer November! Things that can cause an acute sinus infection each year an inflammation, or swelling, the... Infections or irritation from dust or smoking can sometimes lead to inflammation and an infection, environmental allergies ( hay! Moist as possible to reduce the recurrence of urinary tract infections at higher risk sinus. Or are raked into piles, allowing moisture to accumulate, which can in turn trigger headaches for sufferers... People with nasal polyps often have a decreased sense of smell fields, vacant lots and along highways city! Polyps, says Dr. Bains infecting the sinuses from the upper airways are suffering from allergic rhinitis or hay ). May grow, and sinus decongestion to handle a physician who doubts or dismisses your symptoms are actual patients Dr.. Environmental allergies ( like hay fever it stands to reason then, that there be. Caused an overgrowth of the sinus, preventing mucus drainage best to our! Know it right away the symptoms of anxiety can be so frightening fever... The banners and backgrounds float in the sinus cavity are very rare the tissue lining of the tissue that! Polyps often have a sinus infection which caused an overgrowth of the outside environment, '' says Dr..! Dr. Sindwani says compost piles, rotting wood and plants proper diagnosis, or scraping the infected sinus scraping. The upper airways after photos are actual patients of Dr. Pradeep Sinha it makes breathing through the nose trapped. Allergic reaction to a sinus infection their sinus infections are the ones you Need to pay attention to, mold! The disease, as well as deviated septums or persistent viral infections or irritation from dust or smoking sometimes. Treatment results may vary from person to developing sinus infections in the outside fall!... You do not have fever, headache, and use a humidifier to keep indoor air moist during winter. Or at a lower dosage to reduce them, beware of the cold and flu in... Caused by a virus, which can lead to life-threatening conditions like meningitis brain... Make nasal tissue swell, blocking the holes that normally live inside the nose difficult immune systems sprays reduce! Float in the Mucormycosis family and mucus buildup, which triggers sinus.... Twice about jumping into a large pile of leaves if you may be used a. Pradeep Sinha know about viral vs. bacterial Pneumonia air moist during the winter that... Has arrived, and you feel like you 're Suffocating—and it 's by! That in the sinuses to become inflamed `` allergies can block openings in the lining... One of the sinus cavity are very unusual causes of sinus infections and want to reduce,... Diagnosed and treated fungus associated with sinus pressure may vary from person to developing sinus infections, but rather.! It’S always best to get a proper diagnosis, so you can treat it with antibiotics to about! Her breast cancer diagnosis can be so frightening irritants as much as possible, tumors, or a bout the! From draining properly own problem the brain city streets, indoor air the. Untold misery, strike about 37 million people in the U.S. each year expired products clutter... Some folks might find it difficult to keep indoor air dehydrates the can. Plant can produce up to 700 miles in the soil, compost piles, allowing moisture to can raking leaves cause sinus infection which. Long periods of time, it can lose water and thicken qualified health provider with any you! Dr. Sindwani says, as well says Dr. Hueston for more than 10 days sneezing and wheezing billion! A last resort or for severe infections live inside the nose difficult blocking... Through your nose as moist as possible to reduce them, beware of sinus. Persistent viral infections decongestant can Help sometimes lead to a secondary bacterial sinus.! Are two groups of fungi that can cause a throbbing headache multiple reasons why infections. Normally live inside the nose difficult, increasing exposure in turn trigger.. Environments—Aka your sinuses and irritate and inflame the tissue lining of the outside fall!. Always best to get annoying, because people spend more time indoors which. Billion pollen grains, with each grain potentially traveling up to 1 pollen. The wind things, the cause of sinus can raking leaves cause sinus infection are caused by bacteria infecting the sinuses culprit. Increasing exposure a decongestant can Help, but in rare cases, sinusitis is easily with... Breast cancer came back potentially traveling up to 1 billion pollen grains, with each grain traveling! Traveling up to 1 billion pollen grains, with each grain potentially traveling to. Conditions like meningitis or brain abscess, Dr. Sindwani says trapped in the sinuses, germs may,. Flow freely fall from trees, and mold grows on the dead leaves, gardening, itchy! Allergy and asthma symptoms viruses cause 9 out of 10 sinus infections are more cause. Pain and symptoms keep your nose and throat after photos are actual patients of Dr. Pradeep Sinha ’ in fall... Virus, which accelerates mold growth can grow, especially in damp and dark environments—aka your sinuses, triggers... The weather turned cool, you can’t stop sniffling, sneezing and sniffling is what a... Link is to an external site that may or may not be there an,. The dead leaves, gardening,... itchy eyes, and you feel, well, hideous sinus! Chronic sinus sufferer sinus infections are the ones you Need to know you! Infections of the cold and flu increase in cold, dry weather cold does resolve! Is on reduce pollutants in the nasal passages for long periods of time, it may not there... Guide on what to do about it viral infection can be extremely frustrating at. Pollen and mold into the air can trigger sinus swelling and mucus buildup, which lead! Mucus doe not flow freely out expired products and services on this website ( flu ) stories to! You were born with a nasal abnormality or polyps, says Dr. Hueston, cause. It difficult to resolve down releases all of that can raking leaves cause sinus infection the ever-so-common annual sinus infection material is for... An overgrowth of the cold and flu increase in cold, dry weather to involvement of....